Restate (topic sentence)
In the two passages, two authors use different text structures to discuss the same topic in different ways.
One way in which the two passages are similar is that they discuss the same topic - cooking during colonial times. As stated in the passage, "Fortunately, colonial cooks had far better gadgets than just a roasting stick.." (Passage 1, paragraph 2) Also in text 2, the author states, "In colonial times, people did not use electricity. There were no ovens, stoves or microwaves." (Passage 2, paragraph 1) This proves these two passages are both about colonial cooking.
However, Passage 1 focuses on the problems colonial cooks faced, and Passage 2 discusses the similarities and differences between colonial cooking and cooking today. In Passage 1, the author describes a problem by stating, "Imagine cooking an entire meal over a fire!" and then a solution saying, "Fortunately, colonial cooks had far better gadgets than just a roasting stick. One of the most useful tools was a swinging crane." This is an example of a problem and solution text structure because it describe a problem and what the cooks did to silve the problem.
In comparison, Passage 2 the author describes kitchen's today by stating, "To bake a cake today, cooks only have to set the oven to the right temperature and the oven will heat in just a few minutes." and then compares it to kitchens in colonial times saying, "In colonial times, people did not use electricity. There were no ovens, stoves or microwaves. Most people cooked over open fires. " Thus, Passage 2 uses a compare and contrast structure because it discusses the differences in the kitchens. This is evidence that the authors have used different structures, even though they are discussing the same main idea.
If you have ever roasted a marshmallow over an open fire, you know how hard it is to cook over an open flame. The marshmellow might burst into flames. It might cook unevenly, getting burnt and brown on one side while remaining raw on the other. And the person roasting the marshmallow has to lean over the hot fire the whole time.
Imagine cooking an entire meal over a fire! Fortunately, colonial cooks had far better gadgets than just a roasting stick. One of the most useful tools was a swinging crane. This crane coud swing out over the fire, keeping the pot at just the right temputerature. When it was time to stir, the cook could swing the pot away frm the fire, stir the food and then push the pot back into position.With plenty of hooks, the cooks could have lots of pots cooking at once.
Cooking in a Colonial Kitchen
Everyone likes a nice, hot meal. But how do people make hot food? Today, your parents might cook food on a stove. Stoves use electricity or gas. Most stoves have an oven attached. Your parents might also use a microwave to heat up food. To bake a cake today, cooks only have to set the oven to the right temperature the oven will heat in just a few minutes.
In colonial times, people did not use electricity. There were no ovens, stoves or microwaves. Most people cooked over open fires. The firepalces in well-equiped colonial kitchen were very large. Cooks could fit many pot over the fire. To bake breads and cakes, some cooks used a kind of oven called a beehive oven, These ovens got their name from their beehive shape. Cooks would heat up the oven with hot coals. Ovens took a long time to heat up. Because of this, people usually only baked one or two times a week.